Increasing number of schools are using their pupil premium funding to offset budget cuts

A small but growing number of schools are using their funding for disadvantaged pupils to offset budget cuts elsewhere, according to new polling published by the Sutton Trust and the Education Endowment Foundation today. 6% of teachers reported this as the main priority for their school’s pupil premium spending, an increase from 2% in 2015.

The survey of 1,607 teachers, conducted by the National Foundation for Educational Research as part of their Teachers’ Voice Omnibus survey, found that one in five didn’t know what the main priorities for their pupil premium funding was. The most common priority for spending, identified by over a quarter of teachers (28%), was on early intervention schemes. 13% said that more 1:1 tuition was a priority and 10% said teaching assistants.

However, virtually all of the senior leaders surveyed believe that the pupil premium has allowed them to target resources at raising the attainment of their poorest pupils. 98% of primary and secondary leaders and four our out of five classroom teachers (79%) agreed with this statement to either a great extent, to some extent or to a little extent.

Today’s polling also highlights the increasing use of evidence in the teaching profession. When asked how their school decide what approaches and programmes to adopt to improve pupil learning, 63% of secondary senior leaders said they considered research evidence on the impact of different approaches and programmes; six out of 10 secondary senior leaders said that they used the Sutton Trust-EEF Teaching and Learning Toolkit too, an increase from 48% in 2015. The Toolkit is also becoming more recognised among classroom teachers, as well as senior leaders. Over one in four said they used it to decide which approaches and programmes to adopt, an increase of 10 percentage points on 2015.

Sir Peter Lampl, Chairman of the Sutton Trust and of the Education Endowment Foundation, said today:

“It is worrying that a growing number of schools feel they have to use funding for disadvantaged pupils to offset budget cuts. The pupil premium is a key lever for raising the attainment of disadvantaged pupils and it’s vital that it continues to be focused on their education.”

Sir Kevan Collins, Chief Executive of the Education Endowment Foundation, said today:

It’s great to see a majority of school leaders are now using our Teaching and Learning Toolkit to decide which programmes and approaches to adopt. Better use of research can help schools spend their resources in the most efficient ways and make a real difference to outcomes for disadvantaged pupils.”


The Survey

Question 1.

With the money received through the Pupil Premium, what is the main priority for extra spending at your school in 2014/2015?

SENIOR LEADERS (%)CLASSROOM TEACHERS (%)ALL
Reducing class sizes523
Additional teaching assistants12810
Additional teachers1468
More one-to-one tuition151113
Peer-to-peer tutoring schemes for pupils111
Improving feedback between teachers and pupils / providing more feedback that is effective724
Early intervention schemes322628
Extending the breadth of the curriculum312
Improving the classroom or school environment111
Offsetting budget cuts elsewhere376
Other444
Don’t know32921
None11
No Response
N=5341,0731,607

Question 2.

How does your school decide which approaches and programmes to adopt to improve pupil learning?

SENIOR LEADERS (%)CLASSROOM TEACHERS (%)ALL
Using past experience of what works724655
Considering research evidence on the impact of different approaches and programmes612738
Evaluating different approaches and programmes then deciding which to adopt593442
Considering which approaches and programmes are the most cost effective372227
Reading the Sutton Trust/EEF toolkit511527
Learning from what works in other schools654250
Consulting the school's governing body967
Consulting the Local Authority 121011
Other333
Don't know22920
No response0 0 0
N=5341,0731,607

Question 3.

To what extent does the Pupil Premium Grant allow your school to target resources to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils?

SENIOR LEADERS (%)CLASSROOM TEACHERS (%)ALL
To a great extent361723
To some extent544950
To a little extent91312
Not at all122
Don't know11913
No response0 0 0
N=5341,0731,607

Question 4.

To what extent does the Pupil Premium Grant allow your school to target resources to raise attainment for those pupils that are falling behind?

SENIOR LEADERS (%)CLASSROOM TEACHERS (%)ALL
To a great extent251115
To some extent594852
To a little extent131816
Not at all233
Don't know12013
No response111
N=5341,0731,607

Question 5.

To what extent does the Pupil Premium Grant allow your school to target resources to raise attainment for all pupils?

SENIOR LEADERS (%)CLASSROOM TEACHERS (%)ALL
To a great extent1759
To some extent463035
To a little extent282828
Not at all71511
Don't know12316
No response111
N=5341,0731,607

Question 6.

To what extent does the Pupil Premium Grant allow your school to continue activities that would not otherwise happen due to funding pressures in other areas of the school budget?

SENIOR LEADERS (%)CLASSROOM TEACHERS (%)ALL
To a great extent271016
To some extent392831
To a little extent171818
Not at all131414
Don't know32921
No response111
N=5341,0731,607

Notes to Editors

  1. The Sutton Trust is a foundation set up in 1997, dedicated to improving social mobility through education. It has published over 170 research studies and funded and evaluated programmes that have helped hundreds of thousands of young people of all ages, from early years through to access to the professions.
  2. The Education Endowment Foundation is a charity set up in 2011 by the Sutton Trust as lead foundation in partnership with Impetus Trust, with a Department for Education grant of £125m. It is dedicated to breaking the link between family income and educational achievement. Since its launch the EEF has awarded £75.4 million to 127 projects working with over 750,000 pupils in over 7,500 schools across England.
  3. The Teaching and Learning Toolkit is an accessible summary of educational research developed by the EEF in collaboration with the Sutton Trust and a team of academics at Durham University led by Professor Steve Higgins. The expanded Toolkit covers 34 topics and summarises research from over 10,000 studies. The Toolkit is a live resource which is regularly updated.
  4. The pupil premium was introduced by the Coalition government in April 2011 to provide additional funding for disadvantaged pupils. The amount provided has grown over the years to total £1,320 per primary pupil in the current financial year and £935 for secondary pupils. A total of £2.5 billion a year is now spent on the premium, over 6% of the £38.8 billion schools budget. The premium is paid for pupils who have been eligible for free school meals over the previous six years or who have been in care. Schools also receive £1,900 for pupils who have been in care but are now adopted or left care under certain guardianship orders.
  5. The polling was conducted by the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) for their Teacher Voice Omnibus survey. They surveyed a representative sample of 1,607 teachers in March 2016. The panel included teachers from the full range of roles in primary and secondary schools, from headteachers to newly qualified class teachers. Eight hundred and five (50.1%) of the respondents were teaching in primary schools and 802 (49.9%) were teaching in secondary schools. A summary of results follows.