New guidance report published: how to develop pupils’ metacognitive skills

The EEF has published its latest guidance report, designed to support teachers in changing their classroom practice to improve their pupils’ metacognitive skills – in short, their ability to plan, monitor and evaluate their own academic progress so they become better at learning and studying.

Evidence suggests the use of ‘metacognitive strategies’ – which get pupils to think about their own learning - can be worth the equivalent of an additional +7 months’ progress when used well. However, while the potential impact of these approaches is very high, particularly for disadvantaged pupils, less is known about how to apply them effectively in the classroom.

EEF publishes new evaluation reports

EEF publishes new evaluation reports Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Making use of the evidence on educational programmes

EEF Blog: Making use of the evidence on educational programmes Download PDF get_app

Review of evidence on science teaching for primary phase education: call for proposals

Review of evidence on science teaching for primary phase education: call for proposals Download PDF get_app

Privacy notice for those responding to EEF surveys

Privacy notice for those responding to EEF surveys Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Metacognition in modern foreign language teaching - A perspective from secondary school

EEF Blog: Metacognition in modern foreign language teaching - A perspective from secondary school Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Integrating evidence into mathematics teaching – Minimising Misconceptions

EEF Blog: Integrating evidence into mathematics teaching – Minimising Misconceptions Download PDF get_app

Application Round: The Research Schools Network in Cumbria

Information on becoming a Research School in Cumbria

Application Round: The Research Schools Network in Cumbria Download PDF get_app

EEF blog: Early Career Framework – three key insights for school leaders to help support their newest teachers

EEF blog: Early Career Framework – three key insights for school leaders to help support their newest teachers Download PDF get_app

EEF to support creation of new charity to compete for tutoring contract

EEF to support creation of new charity to compete for tutoring contract Download PDF get_app

New EEF podcast: ‘Setting pupils up for success in maths’

New EEF podcast: ‘Setting pupils up for success in maths’ Download PDF get_app

EEF responds to the NAHT survey on pupil premium funding

EEF responds to the NAHT survey on pupil premium funding Download PDF get_app

Statement on statistical significance and uncertainty of impact estimates for EEF evaluations

Statement on statistical significance and uncertainty of impact estimates for EEF evaluations

Statement on statistical significance and uncertainty of impact estimates for EEF evaluations Download PDF get_app

Review of evidence on implementation in education: call for proposals

Review of evidence on implementation in education: call for proposals Download PDF get_app

EEF publishes emerging findings from ‘Big Lockdown-Learning Parent Survey’

EEF publishes emerging findings from ‘Big Lockdown-Learning Parent Survey’ Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: The EEF’s approach to Covid-19 impacted evaluations

EEF Blog: The EEF’s approach to Covid-19 impacted evaluations Download PDF get_app

EEF publishes three new evaluation reports

EEF publishes three new evaluation reports Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Integrating evidence into mathematics teaching - Addressing Assessment

EEF Blog: Integrating evidence into mathematics teaching - Addressing Assessment Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Learning recovery and the role of diagnostic assessment

EEF Blog: Learning recovery and the role of diagnostic assessment Download PDF get_app

EEF publishes in-depth analysis of primary pupils’ performance in maths and reading assessments

EEF publishes in-depth analysis of primary pupils’ performance in maths and reading assessments Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Summer schools – what the evidence tells us and what it doesn’t

EEF Blog: Summer schools – what the evidence tells us and what it doesn’t Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: How can we help parents support their children to learn from home?

EEF Blog: How can we help parents support their children to learn from home? Download PDF get_app

EEF and Sutton Trust respond to Government’s new Covid-19 education recovery package

EEF and Sutton Trust respond to Government’s new Covid-19 education recovery package Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Addressing the challenge of delivering new maths content remotely

EEF Blog: Addressing the challenge of delivering new maths content remotely Download PDF get_app

Privacy notice for schools involved in the NELI scale up evaluation

Privacy notice for schools involved in the NELI scale up evaluation Download PDF get_app

EEF publishes findings from independent evaluation of National Online Tutoring pilot

EEF publishes findings from independent evaluation of National Online Tutoring pilot Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Meeting the Challenge – new EEF case studies

EEF Blog: Meeting the Challenge – new EEF case studies Download PDF get_app

The Big Lockdown Learning Parent Survey

The Big Lockdown Learning Parent Survey Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Learning secondary maths in lockdown - how to help your students ‘have a go’

EEF Blog: Learning secondary maths in lockdown - how to help your students ‘have a go’ Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Making use of TRUST Talk

EEF Blog: Making use of TRUST Talk Download PDF get_app

EEF publishes new analysis on impact of Covid-19 on attainment gap

EEF publishes new analysis on impact of Covid-19 on attainment gap Download PDF get_app

‘Evidence into Action’ - EEF podcast returns with new episode on ‘Managing behaviour and building habits’

‘Evidence into Action’ - EEF podcast returns with new episode on ‘Managing behaviour and building habits’ Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: New ‘Voices from the Classroom’ – Lessons from remote learning

EEF Blog: New ‘Voices from the Classroom’ – Lessons from remote learning Download PDF get_app

Best evidence on supporting students to learn remotely

Best evidence on supporting students to learn remotely Download PDF get_app

PDF: Rapid evidence assessment - Distance learning

PDF: Rapid evidence assessment - Distance learning Download PDF get_app

Teacher professional development

Teacher professional development Download PDF get_app

​The impact of Feedback Approaches on educational attainment in children and young people

​The impact of Feedback Approaches on educational attainment in children and young people Download PDF get_app

Chief Executive’s Letter: How evidence can help with learning through the latest lockdown

Chief Executive’s Letter: How evidence can help with learning through the latest lockdown Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: New year, new lockdown - a renewed challenge

EEF Blog: New year, new lockdown - a renewed challenge Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Live teaching and pre-recorded video lessons – how can we best navigate the evidence?

EEF Blog: Live teaching and pre-recorded video lessons – how can we best navigate the evidence? Download PDF get_app

Home learning support resources for schools and parents

Home learning support resources for schools and parents Download PDF get_app

EEF responds to the latest school closures announcement

EEF responds to the latest school closures announcement Download PDF get_app

​New resources published to support schools in putting evidence into practice

​New resources published to support schools in putting evidence into practice Download PDF get_app

Chief Executive’s Letter: 10 ways the EEF supported teachers and disadvantaged pupils in 2020

Chief Executive’s Letter: 10 ways the EEF supported teachers and disadvantaged pupils in 2020 Download PDF get_app

6,500 primary schools register to deliver EEF Promising Project backed by Government Covid ‘catch-up’ funding

6,500 primary schools register to deliver EEF Promising Project backed by Government Covid ‘catch-up’ funding Download PDF get_app

Learning from 2020: 3 ways in which primary school teachers have used literacy to support learning this term

Learning from 2020: 3 ways in which primary school teachers have used literacy to support learning this term Download PDF get_app

Education Data Service Pilot

Final report for the Education Data Service Pilot

Education Data Service Pilot Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: New ‘Voices from the classroom’ videos to bring evidence-informed practice to life

EEF Blog: New ‘Voices from the classroom’ videos to bring evidence-informed practice to life Download PDF get_app

PDF: Covid-19 Communicating Effectively with Families

PDF: Covid-19 Communicating Effectively with Families Download PDF get_app

Learning from 2020: Four Covid-safe innovations maths teachers have devised to put evidence-based strategies into effect

Learning from 2020: Four Covid-safe innovations maths teachers have devised to put evidence-based strategies into effect Download PDF get_app

PDF: RADAAR Planning Logic diagram

RADAAR Planning Logic diagram

PDF: RADAAR Planning Logic diagram Download PDF get_app

‘Evidence into Action’ - new EEF podcast focuses on ‘Making the Difference for Disadvantaged Pupils’

‘Evidence into Action’ - new EEF podcast focuses on ‘Making the Difference for Disadvantaged Pupils’ Download PDF get_app

EEF announces new addition to the Research Schools Network

EEF announces new addition to the Research Schools Network Download PDF get_app

EEF in the News: “The fund has been a lifeline and still is to this day”  - Sunday Times reports back on our £1.3 million Christmas appeal

EEF in the News: “The fund has been a lifeline and still is to this day”  - Sunday Times reports back on our £1.3 million Christmas appeal Download PDF get_app

New: EEF publishes Evidence Review on Mathematical Teaching in the Early Years and Key Stage 1

New: EEF publishes Evidence Review on Mathematical Teaching in the Early Years and Key Stage 1 Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: How to foster independent study in Key Stage 3

EEF Blog: How to foster independent study in Key Stage 3 Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Pop Quiz - What’s the best way to start a lesson?

EEF Blog: Pop Quiz - What’s the best way to start a lesson? Download PDF get_app

Guest Blog: Practical strategies for embedding high-quality Social and Emotional Learning skills

Guest Blog: Practical strategies for embedding high-quality Social and Emotional Learning skills Download PDF get_app

EEF in Tes: ‘Coping with Covid: 5 tips for improving pupil behaviour’

EEF in Tes: ‘Coping with Covid: 5 tips for improving pupil behaviour’ Download PDF get_app

Guest Blog: 6 approaches schools can use to provide practical science opportunities in this ‘new normal’

Guest Blog: 6 approaches schools can use to provide practical science opportunities in this ‘new normal’ Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Teacher Choices Trials - our new approach to researching questions teachers want answers to

EEF Blog: Teacher Choices Trials - our new approach to researching questions teachers want answers to Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: New resources for tackling scientific misconceptions

EEF Blog: New resources for tackling scientific misconceptions Download PDF get_app

Early Career Framework Early Roll-out

Early Career Framework Early Roll-out Download PDF get_app

EEF email series - Improving Early Maths

EEF email series - Improving Early Maths Download PDF get_app

Early Years and Key Stage 1 Mathematics Teaching

Early Years and Key Stage 1 Mathematics Teaching Download PDF get_app

Four new EEF evaluation reports published

Four new EEF evaluation reports published Download PDF get_app

Guest Blog: Why digging a little deeper into educational research matters

Guest Blog: Why digging a little deeper into educational research matters Download PDF get_app

National Tutoring Programme launches in schools

National Tutoring Programme launches in schools Download PDF get_app

1,100+ schools and nurseries sought for EEF evaluations of eight projects aiming to close the disadvantage gap

1,100+ schools and nurseries sought for EEF evaluations of eight projects aiming to close the disadvantage gap Download PDF get_app

Building evidence infrastructure is a global good

Building evidence infrastructure is a global good Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: How to use reading as a starting point for learning this year

EEF Blog: How to use reading as a starting point for learning this year Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Reflections of a SENCo – the importance of a whole school approach to supporting pupils with SEND

EEF Blog: Reflections of a SENCo – the importance of a whole school approach to supporting pupils with SEND Download PDF get_app

Online tutoring helps disadvantaged pupils during lockdown, study finds

Online tutoring helps disadvantaged pupils during lockdown, study finds Download PDF get_app

EEF email series - Metacognition and Self-Regulated Learning

EEF email series - Metacognition and Self-Regulated Learning Download PDF get_app

Guest Blog: Practical, evidence-based tips to embed metacognitive strategies into your classroom practice

Guest Blog: Practical, evidence-based tips to embed metacognitive strategies into your classroom practice Download PDF get_app

Stop and Think: Learning Counterintuitive Concepts (regrant)

Stop and Think: Learning Counterintuitive Concepts (regrant) Download PDF get_app

Improving Working Memory and Arithmetic (regrant)

Improving Working Memory and Arithmetic (regrant) Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Classrooms look very different this year. Here are 5 research resources to support teachers in adapting your practices

EEF Blog: Classrooms look very different this year. Here are 5 research resources to support teachers in adapting your practices Download PDF get_app

Guest Blog: One-to-one support for pupils with SEND - a case study in how specialists and TAs can work together

Guest Blog: One-to-one support for pupils with SEND - a case study in how specialists and TAs can work together Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Getting to grips with reading comprehension strategies

EEF Blog: Getting to grips with reading comprehension strategies Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Three crucial questions for schools wanting to support the impact of teaching assistants

EEF Blog: Three crucial questions for schools wanting to support the impact of teaching assistants Download PDF get_app

Prof Becky Francis in Tes: ‘How to access subsidised tutoring for your school’

Prof Becky Francis in Tes: ‘How to access subsidised tutoring for your school’ Download PDF get_app

Cognitive science approaches in the classroom

Cognitive science approaches in the classroom Download PDF get_app

EEF in Tes: ‘Coping with Covid - Reading key to closing learning gap’

EEF in Tes: ‘Coping with Covid - Reading key to closing learning gap’ Download PDF get_app

EEF commissions new research on the impact of Covid-19 school and nursery closures

EEF commissions new research on the impact of Covid-19 school and nursery closures Download PDF get_app

EEF Guide to Supporting School Planning, 2021

EEF Guide to Supporting School Planning, 2021 Download PDF get_app

Improving Literacy in Key Stage 2

Update to be published in Autumn 2020

Improving Literacy in Key Stage 2 Download PDF get_app

Impact of Covid-19 school closures and subsequent support strategies on attainment and socioemotional wellbeing in Key Stage 1

Impact of Covid-19 school closures and subsequent support strategies on attainment and socioemotional wellbeing in Key Stage 1 Download PDF get_app

Impact of Covid-19 disruptions in primary schools: attainment gaps and school responses

Impact of Covid-19 disruptions in primary schools: attainment gaps and school responses Download PDF get_app

The Impact of Covid-19 on School Starters

The Impact of Covid-19 on School Starters Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: What are effective Learning Behaviours - and how can we develop them in our pupils?

EEF Blog: What are effective Learning Behaviours - and how can we develop them in our pupils? Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Three practical approaches to help pupils learn from mathematical mistakes

EEF Blog: Three practical approaches to help pupils learn from mathematical mistakes Download PDF get_app

Six recommendations for improving Social and Emotional Learning

Six recommendations for improving Social and Emotional Learning Download PDF get_app

EEF Blog: Handbooks for Humans – 5 simple ways to use stories to deepen children’s social and emotional learning skills

EEF Blog: Handbooks for Humans – 5 simple ways to use stories to deepen children’s social and emotional learning skills Download PDF get_app

Metacognition and self-regulated learning reviews the best available research to offer teachers and senior leaders practical advice on how to develop their pupils’ metacognitive skills and knowledge. The report has recommendations in seven areas and ‘myth busts’ common misconceptions teachers have about metacognition.

For example, some teachers think they need to teach metacognitive approaches in ‘learning to learn’ or ‘thinking skills’ sessions. But the report warns that metacognitive strategies should be taught in conjunction with specific subject content as pupils find it hard to transfer these generic tips to specific tasks.

This guidance report sits alongside the EEF’s other guidance reports – focused on literacy, maths, effective implementation and making best use of teaching assistants – providing the basis for an overall advance towards evidence-informed school improvement.