Test identification

Name of test National Foundation for Educational Research Key Stage 2 Assessments
Version
Previous version(s) NFER Key Stage 1, 2 and Year 6 assessments are available.
Subjects Literacy, Maths
Summary The key stage 2 assessment range includes reading, mathematics, grammar & punctuation, and spelling tests for use on a termly basis across years 3, 4 and 5.

Assessment screening

Subscales Reading, Mathematics, Grammar and Punctuation Assessments for Year 3,4,5 Autumn, Spring and Summer terms.
Authors NFER
Publisher National Foundation for Educational Research
Test source https://www.nfer.ac.uk/for-schools/products-services/nfer-tests/
Guidelines available? Yes
Norm-referenced scores. Yes
Age range Years 3,4, and 5
Key Stage(s) applicable to KS2
UK standardisation sample Yes
Publication date 2018
Re-norming date n/a

Eligibility

Validity measures available? Yes
Reliability measures available? Yes
Reason for exclusion from shortlist shortlisted

Evaluation and Appraisal

Additional information about what the test measures Termly tests (3 times per year) in maths, reading, and punctuation and grammar that are closely aligned to national curriculum and test framework.
Are additional versions available? Key Stage 2 test in (a) grammar and punctuation, (b) reading and (c) maths (Termly Tests for Autumn, Spring, Summer in Year 3,4 and 5).Key Stage 1 and Year 6 tests are also available.
Can subtests be administered in isolation? The grammar and punctuation, reading and maths scores are administered in separate tests, so these can be distinguished, but within a subject scores need to be combined across any subtests/scales for standardisation.
Administration group size small group, whole class
Administration duration Grammar and Punctuation - 40 minsReading - Year 3 and 4 tests 95 minutes, Year 5 tests 65 mins (including instructions).Maths - 30-50 minutes per booklet including instructions (3 booklets per test)
Description of materials needed to administer test Grammar and punctuation - Test booklet, normal writing implement, eraser. Dictionaries and thesauruses should not be used.Reading - Reading Stimulus Booklet(s) and Pupil Booklet, normal writing implement, eraser. Dictionaries and thesauruses should not be used.Maths - Thre booklets per pupil (arithmetic, and two mathematical reasoning booklets), normal writing implement, eraser, ruler. Do not provide other equipment or support materials such as calculators, protractors, clocks or number lines.
Any special testing conditions? No

Response format

Response mode Paper and pencil
What device is required n/a
Queston format. mixed
Progress through questions Flat

Assessor requirements

Is any prior knowledge/training/profession accreditation required for administration? Not stated (no)
Is administration scripted? Yes

Scoring

Description of materials needed to score test Teachers guide,Access to NFER Tests analysis tool (optional, can score manually)
Types and range of available scores Raw scores,Year/cohort Standardised (<70->140),Age standardised (<70->140)Questions have been mapped to the National Curriculum (English Appendix 2: Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation in the National Curriculum for England; Key Stage 2: English Reading Test Famework published by the Department for Education in 2015; National Curriculum Programme of Study for Maths).Age-related expectations on the National Curriculum.Diagnostic commentary (for some tests).
Score transformation for standard score Age standardised/Year cohort standardised
Age bands used for norming 1 month
Scoring procedures computer scoring with manual entry of responses from paper formORsimple manual scoring key – clerical skills required
Automatised norming computerised/online

Construct Validity

Does it adequately measure literacy, mathematics or science?
Does it reflect the multidimensionality of the subject? Generic literacy and generic maths
Construct validity comments (and reference for source) Teacher Guides indicate that the test have a high degree of face validity as assessments are carefully aligned to 2014 national curriculum including consideration of specific content areas and when these content areas should be taught. Individual questions are mapped to areas of the curriculum. These assessments reflect the changes to the model of statutory assessment used since 2016, and further informed in development trials that use qualitative trials with pupils as well as teacher feedback.No statistical measures of validity are presented in the teacher guides, but technical reports indicate that tests are free from item bias. Differential Item Functioning (DIF) analyses conducted for gender and EAL, indicated that performance was generally balanced (and approximately equal number of biased items in favour of boys and girls, EAL and non-EAL). The main exception was that maths reasoning papers tend to slightly favour non-EAL (Centre for Assessment, 2020a-e).Correlations with other measures and contrasted group validity have not been assessed.

Criterion Validity

Does test performance adequately correlate with later, current or past performance?
Summarise available comparisons n/a

Reliability

Is test performance reliable?
Summarise available comparisons No measures of reliability are presented in the teacher guides, however the technical reports indicate that internal consistency on all tests is good-excellent (Cronbach’s alpha >.85 on all tests (Centre for Assessment, 2020a-e). No evidence of temporal stability or equivalence reliability is reported.

Is the norm-derived population appropriate and free from bias?

Is population appropriate and free from bias? Yes
If any biases are noted in sampling, these will be indicated here. Technical reports indicate that standardisation trials were conducted at appropriate times of the year for the different versions of the tests between 2016 and 2017. These trials have excellent samples sizes (1000-1600 per test) selected from nationally representative schools across England (stratified by KS2 overall performance band. primary school type, school governance, region). Little information is given about demographics at the pupil level, although gender was balanced and sampling procedures limit risk of bias.

Sources

Sources Teacher's Guides - Grammar and Punctuation - Year 3 Autumn, Spring, Summer; Year 4 Autumn, Spring, Summer; Year 5 Autumn, Spring, SummerNFER Classroom. (2016/2018a). Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Guide: Year 3 Spring. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018b). Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Guide: Year 3 Autumn. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018c). Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Guide: Year 3 Summer. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018d). Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Guide: Year 4 Autumn. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018e). Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Guide: Year 4 Spring. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018f). Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Guide: Year 4 Summer. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018g). Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Guide: Year 5 Autumn. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018h). Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Guide: Year 5 Spring. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018i). Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Guide: Year 5 Summer. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.Teacher's Guides - Reading - Year 3 Autumn, Spring, Summer; Year 4 Autumn, Spring, Summer; Year 5 Autumn, Spring, SummerNFER Classroom. (2016/2018j). Reading Teacher Guide: Year 3 Autumn. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018k). Reading Teacher Guide: Year 3 Spring. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018l). Reading Teacher Guide: Year 3 Summer. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018m). Reading Teacher Guide: Year 4 Autumn. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018n). Reading Teacher Guide: Year 4 Spring. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018o). Reading Teacher Guide: Year 4 Summer. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018p). Reading Teacher Guide: Year 5 Autumn. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018q). Reading Teacher Guide: Year 5 Spring. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018r). Reading Teacher Guide: Year 5 Summer Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.Teacher's Guides - Maths - Year 3 Autumn, Spring, Summer; Year 4 Autumn, Spring, Summer; Year 5 Autumn, Spring, SummerNFER Classroom. (2016/2018s). Maths Teacher Guide: Year 3 Summer. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018t). Maths Teacher Guide: Year 3 Autumn. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER classroom. (2016/2018u). Maths Teacher Guide: Year 4 Autumn. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018v). Maths Teacher Guide: Year 4 Summer. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER classroom. (2016/2018w). Maths Teacher Guide: Year 5 Autumn. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2016/2018x). Maths Teacher Guide: Year 5 Summer. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2017/2018y). Maths Teacher Guide: Year 3 Spring. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2017/2018z). Maths Teacher Guide: Year 4 Spring. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.NFER Classroom. (2017/2018aa). Maths Teacher Guide: Year 5 Spring. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.Technical reportsCentre for Assessment. (2020a). Technical information for NFER Tests in Reading and Mathematics Test 2 (Autumn). Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.Centre for assessment. (2020b). Technical information for NFER Tests in reading, mathematics and grammar and punctuation: Suite 2 (Spring). Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.Centre for assessment. (2020c). Technical information for NFER Tests in reading and mathematics: Suite 2 (Summer). Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.Centre for assessment. (2020d). Technical information for NFER Tests in grammar and punctuation: Suite 2 (Autumn). Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.Centre for assessment. (2020e). Technical information for NFER Tests in grammar and punctuation: Suite 2 (Summer). Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research.