Test identification

Name of test New Salford Sentence Reading Test
Version New SSRT
Previous version(s) SSRT, New SSRT
Subjects Literacy
Summary A quick standardised assessment of reading comprehension and accuracy.

Assessment screening

Subscales n/a
Authors Colin McCarty, Marie Lallaway
Publisher RS Assessment from Hodder Education
Test source https://www.risingstars-uk.com/series/salford-sentence-reading-test
Guidelines available? Yes
Norm-referenced scores. Yes
Age range 5;06-13;00 years
Key Stage(s) applicable to KS1, KS2, KS3
UK standardisation sample Yes
Publication date 2012
Re-norming date n/a


Validity measures available? Yes
Reliability measures available? Yes
Reason for exclusion from shortlist shortlisted

Evaluation and Appraisal

Additional information about what the test measures reading attainment based on Reading accuracy and comprehension (literal, inferential)
Are additional versions available? Revision of the Salford Sentence Reading Test (1976).Three equivalent/parallel forms.
Can subtests be administered in isolation? Yes - can ommit the comprehension questions
Administration group size individual
Administration duration 4-5 minutes
Description of materials needed to administer test Manual, record sheet, reading test card, comprehension test questions
Any special testing conditions? not stated

Response format

Response mode Oral
What device is required n/a
Queston format. open ended
Progress through questions adaptive

Assessor requirements

Is any prior knowledge/training/profession accreditation required for administration? Not stated (no)
Is administration scripted? Yes


Description of materials needed to score test Manual
Types and range of available scores Raw score (number of words read correctly, number of correct comprehension questions);Age standardised score for reading accuracy (<70->130);Percentiles (1->98);Reading age (5;0-10;11;Comprehension age (<5;0->12;7);Standardised scores for coprehension;National curriculum sub-levels
Score transformation for standard score Age standardised and year cohort standardised
Age bands used for norming 1 month
Scoring procedures simple manual scoring key – clerical skills required
Automatised norming None

Construct Validity

Does it adequately measure literacy, mathematics or science?
Does it reflect the multidimensionality of the subject? Specific literacy measure - reading accuracy and comprehension
Construct validity comments (and reference for source) The updated test was based heavily on a previous, established measure. Little discussion of how it aligns to current curriculum or theory. Nonetheless, the test distinguishes between reading accuracy (decoding) and comprehension successfully.No coefficients are presented for the present version, however the manual reports that the original 1976 Salford manual reported excellent correlations of >.9 between contemporarily published tests of reading and spelling. No details are provided about the studies, or which specific measures were correlated but authors do comment that sample sizes were quite small.Pearons correlation with age >.7 (see p19 of manual)

Criterion Validity

Does test performance adequately correlate with later, current or past performance?
Summarise available comparisons n/a


Is test performance reliable?
Summarise available comparisons Internal consistency on each form is excellent (cronbach's alpha .99).90% confidence bands +/-4.94-4.99.Equivalence reliability appears good. The manual reports that all pupils in the standardisation trial completed Form A and then either B or C (within a fortnight). Pearsons correlations with age, cronbach alpha and confidence bands are very similar on all forms (see p19 of manual). Equipercentile equating showed Forms B and C to be harder than Form A, which have been accounted for in the norms.The manual also reports that the original 1976 Salford manual reported high equivalence reliability with correlations of >.95 between forms A,B, C. No details are provided about the studies but they comment that sample sizes were quite small.Test-retest and inter-rater reliability are not assessed.

Is the norm-derived population appropriate and free from bias?

Is population appropriate and free from bias? Yes
If any biases are noted in sampling, these will be indicated here. Excellent sample size, however there is little information about recruitment/sampling and demographics of the sample, making it difficult to assess whether the standardisation population is free from bias. All pupils from recruited schools participated.


Sources Bookbinder, G. E., McCarty, C., & Lallaway, M. (2012). New Salford Sentence Reading Test Manual: RS Assessment from Hodder Education.