About the Measure

Domains Social Emotional
Subscales Mental health, physical health, social functioning, school functioning.
Target Construct Social emotional: Emotional and behavioural symptoms, physical health, social adaptation and school adaptation.
Description An adult‐report measure, consisting of a set of child health and behaviour items derived primarily from existing measures. It covers areas of health and functioning.
Test Authors Armstrong, J. M. & Goldstein, L. H.
Publisher John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Psychopathology and Development. Available only as questionnaire (2003)
Psychometry
Implementation

Implementation details

Respondent Parents, teachers and children
Prior knowledge Required Designed for use by researchers in psychology, psychiatry, paediatrics, education, human development, epidemiology, and related fields
Scoring Questionnaire scoring transparent
Time 30 to 40 minute (in either questionnaire or interview format)
Age 4 years to 8 years.

Psychometric details

UK norms NO
Norm / Criterion referenced Criterion referenced
Standardisation sample Five studies with over 800 participants
Reliability Estimates of the internal consistency of the HBQ subscales tend to be high for all three informants, with most coefficients exceeding .70 and many exceeding .80 Test-retest reliabilities ranged .59 to .94 for mother report and .64 to .94 for teacher report.
Criterion validity Children in the clinic-referred group were viewed by mothers and teachers as experiencing significantly higher levels of mental health symptoms and impairments in social functioning than community children. Predictive validity being examined
Construct validity Children in the clinic-referred group were viewed by mothers and teachers as experiencing significantly higher levels of mental health symptoms and impairments in social functioning than community children. Clinic-referred children were scored by their mothers significantly higher than community sample children on Internalizing Symptoms, Externalizing Symptoms, ADHD Symptoms, and Functional Impairment-Child and -Family. According to mothers, children in the clinic-referred group also showed more impaired Social Functioning, including less Prosocial Behaviour and higher levels of Asocial with Peers. The patterns of group differences were nearly identical for teachers.
Concurrent validity Insufficient data in the public domain to evaluate. Importance of multi informant data critical to examine impact of children's difficulties.