About the Measure

Domains Literacy
Subscales Produces running record of reading performance
Target Construct Literacy: Letter Knowledge; Concepts about Print; Hearing Sounds in Words; Duncan Word Reading Test; Writing Vocabulary
Description To enable teachers to systematically observe children across a range of tasks in the first two years of schooling. The observation can provide evidence of learning , monitor progress and diagnose what a particular child controls and what operations and items he could be taught next.
Test Authors Clay, M.
Publisher Heinemann (2005)
Psychometry
Implementation

Implementation details

Respondent Child
Prior knowledge Required Teachers
Scoring Systematic observation that requires training
Time Approximately 45 minutes
Age 5 years to 7 years

Psychometric details

UK norms YES
Norm / Criterion referenced Norm referenced
Standardisation sample 254
Reliability Internal consistency coefficients ranged .67 to .97 for Letter identification, .67 to .84 for Concepts about print, .90 to .96 for Duncan word test and .83 to 97 for Hearing and Recording Sounds in Words.. Test-retest reliability coefficients ranged 71 to .97 for Letter identification, .85 to .90 for Concepts about print, .92 to .96 for Duncan word test, .81 to .94 for Writing vocabulary and .77 to 94 for Hearing and Recording Sounds in Words..
Criterion validity Insufficient data in the public domain to evaluate
Construct validity Insufficient data in the public domain to evaluate
Concurrent validity Correlations between Observation Survey and Primary test reading ranged .38 to .73 for Letter identification, .39 to .74 for Concepts about print, .51 to .70 for Duncan word test, .33 to .68 for Writing vocabulary and .45 to .73 for Hearing and Recording Sounds in Words. Correlations between Observation Survey and British Spelling Test series ranged .42 to .56 for Letter identification, .43 to .72 for Concepts about print, .69 to .82 for Duncan word test, .56 to .86 for Writing vocabulary and .57 to .82 for Hearing and Recording Sounds in Words..