About the Measure

Domains Meta-cognition, Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Learning orientation; Creative problem solving; Mental focus; Cognitive integrity
Description This instrument measures high-school students' self-perceptions of appraoches to learning and achievement (see also subscales). The Mental Focus domain relates to systematic, calm approaches to problem-solving while the Cognitive Integrity domain relates to curiosity about alternative perspectives in pursuit of solutions.
Example I know what I think, so why should I pretend to consider choices
Link https://www.insightassessment.com/Products/Products-Summary/Critical-Thinking-Attributes-Tests/California-Measure-of-Mental-Motivation-Level-III

Implementation details

No. of items 25
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 14-18
Cost single purchase Available from d
Cost per child Available from d

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .53-.83
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA 4-factor oblique
CFA 25-item CM3 4-factor model
Chi-square(269) = 650.51
n = 491
p < .000
AGFI = .88
CFI = .85
RMSEA = .05
25-item CM3 4-factor model (different sample)
Chi-square(269)= 707.96
n = 587
p < .000
AGFI = .89
CFI = .90
RMSEA = .05
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity r= [.21,.56] with Grade Point Average
Concurrent validity r= [.09,.67] with measures of self-efficacy and self-regulation
Predictive validity r= [.21,.56] with Grade Point Average; r= [.15,.40] with Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude
Test (PSAT)
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Giancarlo, C. A., Blohm, S. W., & Urdan, T. (2004). Assessing secondary students’ disposition toward critical thinking: Development of the California Measure of Mental Motivation. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 64(2), 347-364. doi:10.1177/0013164403258464