About the Measure

Domains Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 2
Subscales Entity-related beliefs; Effort
Description These scales were designed to understand links made by children between effort, performance and natural ability.
Example Some kids can never do well in Math even if they try hard
Link http://psycnet.apa.org/record/1996-01787-002

Implementation details

No. of items 12
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 8-11
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .50-.82
Test retest Period comprising thefall and spring of a school year, r= [.22,.48]
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA 2-factor oblique
CFA Not reported
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity SEM showed that Ability-performance beliefs in the autumn predicted achievement at the end of the year, with goal orientations barely affecting the model; Mastery goals did not figure into any significant paths
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Stipek, D., & Gralinski, J. H. (1996). Children's beliefs about intelligence and school performance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88(3), 397-407. doi:10.1037//0022-0663.88.3.397