About the Measure

Domains Social and Emotional Competence
Key stages Key Stage 1, Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3
Subscales This is a unidimensional measure
Description ESBA requires teachers to rate pupils' social behaviours on a 3-point scale.
Example Resolves peer conflicts adequately without teacher assistance
Link http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1534508414557562

Implementation details

No. of items 12
Format Likert
Respondent Teacher
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 5-12
Cost single purchase Free - Available
Cost per child Free - Available

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .91-.95
Test retest After 8 weeks r= [.71,.78]
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Single-factor ob
CFA Chi-square(54)= 508.5
p < .001
CFI= .98
TLI= .974
SRMR= .08
Chi-square(54)= 1416.8
p <.000
CFI= .98
TLI= .97
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Not reported
Concurrent validity Walker–McConnell Scale of Social Competence, r= .84; Brief Behavior Rating Scale, = .77; Social Skills Rating Scale Teacher’s form, r= [.63,.70]
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Arnesen, A., Smolkowski, K., Ogden, T., & Melby-Lervåg, M. (2017). Validation of the Elementary Social Behavior Assessment: Teacher ratings of students’ social skills adapted to Norwegian, Grades 1 to 6. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Pennefather, J., & Smolkowski, K. (2015). Validation of the Elementary Social Behavior Assessment: A measure of student prosocial school behaviors. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 40(3), 143-154. doi:10.1177/1534508414557562