About the Measure

Domains Emotional Intelligence (mixed and trait)
Key stages Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Emotion regulation strategies of cognitive reappraisal; Emotion regulation strategies of expressive suppression
Description The ERQ-CA comprises 10 items assessing the emotion regulation strategies of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression.
Example When I want to feel happier, I think about something different
Link Contact author at Eleonora.Gullone@monash.edu

Implementation details

No. of items 10
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 9-18
Cost single purchase Available from a
Cost per child Available from a

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .69-.86
Test retest 12 months, r= [.37,.63]
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Not reported
CFA Modified Single-factor model
CFI= .97
RMSEA= .05
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity r= [-.26,.37] with Child Depression Inventory; r= [-.37,-.28] with Big-Five Questionnaire for Children (BFQ-C); r= [-.18,.15] with Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Gullone, E., & Taffe, J. (2012). The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (ERQ–CA): A psychometric evaluation. Psychological Assessment, 24(2), 409–417. doi:10.1037/a0025777

Liu, W., Chen, L., & Tu, X. (2015). Chinese adaptation of Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (ERQ‐CCA): A psychometric evaluation in Chinese children. International Journal of Psychology. doi:10.1002/ijop.12233
Gullone, E., Hughes, E. K., King, N. J., & Tonge, B. (2010). The normative development of emotion regulation strategy use in children and adolescents: A 2‐year follow‐up study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(5), 567-574. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02183.x
Betts, J., Gullone, E., & Allen, J. S. (2009). An examination of emotion regulation, temperament, and parenting style as potential predictors of adolescent depression risk status: A correlational study. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27(2), 473-485. doi:10.1348/026151008x314900