About the Measure

Domains Mental health and wellbeing, Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Engagement; Perseverance; Optimism; Connectedness; Happiness
Description The EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-being assesses five positive psychological characteristics: Engagement, Perseverance, Optimism, Connectedness and Happiness.
Example I feel happy
Link http://www.peggykern.org/uploads/5/6/6/7/56678211/epoch_full_revised_paper_050115.pdf

Implementation details

No. of items 20
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 11-18
Cost single purchase Free
Cost per child Free

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .74-.92
Test retest 3 weeks, r= [.55,.71]; 4 months, r= [.23,.61]; 2 years 9mths, r= [.25,.39]
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA 5-factor oblique
CFA Single higher-order 5-factor model
Chi-square(165)= 637
RMSEA= .06
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Vitality, r= [.34,.58]; Self-rated academic performance, r= [.29,.53]; Life satisfaction, r= [.36,.83]; Positive affect, r= [.33,.59]
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Engagement scale predicted grit, partial r= .19 and teacher rated cooperation, partial r= .16; Perseverance scale predicted grit, partial r= .29 and academic performance, partial r= .15; Happiness scale predicted Grade Point Average, partial r= .15; Connectedness scale predicted self-rated academic performance, partial r= .29
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Connectedness and happiness scales show evidence of ceiling effects
References Kern, M. L., Benson, L., Steinberg, E. A., & Steinberg, L. (2016). The EPOCH measure of adolescent well-being. Psychological Assessment, 28(5), 586-597. doi:10.1037/pas0000201