About the Measure

Domains Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 3
Subscales Task orientation; Avoidance orientation; Self-defeating ego orientation; Self-enhancing ego-orientation
Description This measure is designed to assess goal orientations in school.
Example At school it is important for me to avoid looking stupid
Link http://psycnet.apa.org/record/1997-07777-006
Psychometry
Implementation

Implementation details

No. of items 16
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 12-14
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .61-.82
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA 4-factor oblique
CFA Not reported
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Not reported
Concurrent validity Task orientation was positively related to academic self-concept, self-efficacy for schoolwork, and self-esteem (beta= .25, .20, and .30, respectively); Avoidance orientation was negatively related to academic self-concept beta= -.15; Self-enhancing ego orientation was positively related to academic self-concept, self-efficacy for schoolwork, and self-esteem (beta= .23, .34, and .12, respectively); Self-defeating ego orientation was negatively related to the same variables beta= -.33, -.19, and -.39, respectively).
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Skaalvik, E. M. (1997). Self-enhancing and self-defeating ego orientation: Relations with task and avoidance orientation, achievement, self-perceptions, and anxiety. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89(1), 71-81. doi:10.1037//0022-0663.89.1.71