About the Measure

Domains Mental health and wellbeing
Key stages Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3
Subscales Positive emotion; Negative emotion; Emotional control
Description A multi-dimensional, self-report measure of emotional arousal and regulation for children.
Example I was happy very often
Link https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14593841

Implementation details

No. of items 30
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 15
Age 8-12
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .77-.90
Test retest Over 2 years at 6 month intervals, r= [.3-.63](Walden et al., 2003). After 15 months, r= [.34-.42](Cicucci et al., 2016).
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA A 3 factor solut
CFA 3-factor model cross-sectional sample (conceptual)
3-factor model (Ciucci et al 2016)
Chi-square(373)= 1092.25
CFI= .92
SRMR= .06
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity How I Feel (HIF) positive emotion subscale correlated with Affect Expression Rating Scale (AERS) happy subscale, r= .36 and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) positive affect subscale, r= .62; Peer ratings of popularity, rho= .35; HIF negative emotion subscale correlated with AERS happy subscale, r= -.26 and PANAS negative affect subscale, r= .62 and Behavioural control, r= .08 and Coping, r= .37
Concurrent validity Significant relationships in expected directions with Positive and Negative Affect Schedule positive and negative subscales, parent and teacher ratings of happiness and a coping measure r= [.08,.62] (Walden et al., 2003). Significant relationships with peer estimated emotions r= [.20,.42], and self-reported emotional self-efficacy r= [.27,.41} (Ciucci et al., 2016)
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Ciucci, E., Baroncelli, A., Grazzani, I., Ornaghi, V., & Caprin, C. (2016). Emotional Arousal and Regulation: Further Evidence of the Validity of the “How I Feel” Questionnaire for Use With School‐Age Children. Journal of School Health, 86(3), 195-203. doi:10.1111/josh.12370
Walden, T. A., Harris, V. S., & Catron, T. F. (2003). How I feel: A self-report measure of emotional arousal and regulation for children. Psychological Assessment, 15(3), 399-412. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.15.3.399