About the Measure

Domains Meta-cognition, Perceptions of Self
Key stages Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Internal positive events; Internal negative events
Description Assessing children's beliefs on their responsibility for academic successes and failures.
Example When you do well on a test at school, it is more likely to be: a) because you studied for it VS; b) because the test was especia
Link Crandall, V. C., Katkovsky, W., & Crandall, V. J. (1965). Children's beliefs in their own control of reinforcements in intellectual-academic achievement situations. Child Development, 36(1) 91-109. doi:10.2307/1126783
Psychometry
Implementation

Implementation details

No. of items 34
Format Dichotomous
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 9-18
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms Yes
Cronbach's α Split ha
Test retest 2 months, r= [.47,.74]
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Not reported
CFA Not reported
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity r> .34 with Iowa Tests of Basic skills in grades 3 and 4
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Crandall, V. C., Katkovsky, W., & Crandall, V. J. (1965). Children's beliefs in their own control of reinforcements in intellectual-academic achievement situations. Child Development, 36(1) 91-109. doi:10.2307/1126783
Reid, I., & Croucher, A. (1980). The Crandall Intellectual Achievement Responsibility Questionnaire: A British validation study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 40(1), 255-258. doi:10.1177/00131644800400014
Furnham, A., & Steele, H. (1993). Measuring locus of control: A critique of general, children's, health‐and work‐related locus of control questionnaires. British Journal of Psychology, 84(4), 443-479. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8295.1993.tb02495.x