About the Measure

Domains Mental health and wellbeing
Key stages Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Physical; Emotional; Self-esteem; Family; Friends; School; Disease
Description A group of health related quality of life measure for children of different ages. KiddyKINDL age 4-6, kidKINDL age7-13 and kiddoKINDL age 14-17.
Example Child version: I was bored
Link https://www.kindl.org/english/questionnaires/

Implementation details

No. of items 24
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 11-17
Cost single purchase Free
Cost per child Free

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .53-84
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Proxy/self agreement= 34.9-51.8%
EFA Not reported
CFA RMSE = 0.06 CFI = 0.93 AGFI = 0.94
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (parent and self), r= [-.63,.31]
Concurrent validity Child Health Questionnaire global health subscale, r= .40, general wellbeing subscale, r= .70 and physical activities subscale, r= .39; 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) vitality subscale, r= .62, emotional wellbeing subscale, r= .64 and life satisfaction subscale, r= .69
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Before and after rehabilitation changes, kazi effect size, d= .02-.69
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Ellert, U., Ravens-Sieberer, U., Erhart, M., & Kurth, B.-M. (2011). Determinants of agreement between self-reported and parent-assessed quality of life for children in Germany-results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS). Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 9(1), 102. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-9-102
Erhart, M., Ellert, U., Kurth, B. M., & Ravens-Sieberer, U. (2009). Measuring adolescents' HRQoL via self reports and parent proxy reports: an evaluation of the psychometric properties of both versions of the KINDL-R instrument. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 7(1), 77. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-7-77
Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (2000). KINDL Questionnaire for Measuring Health Related Quality of Life In Children and Adolescents. Revised Version. Manual. Retrieved from: http://www.kindl.org/english/manual/