About the Measure

Domains Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance, Perceptions of Self, Resilience and coping
Key stages Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Commitment; Challenge; Control (life); Control (emotions); Confidence (abilities); Confidence (interpersonal)
Description A measure to examine mental toughness in adolescent populations, specifically within an education context.
Example It's always good to try challenging things
Link http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0734282916673512

Implementation details

No. of items 18
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 11-18
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms Yes
Cronbach's α .66-.81
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Geomin rotation
CFA Chi-square=185.27, p< .001
df= 120 RMSEA=.04 SRMR=.05 CFI=.94 TLI=.923
KMO= .88
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Academic Motivation and Engagement Scale, r= [-.76,-.10]; The Revised Anxiety Scale/The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (short version), r= [.23,.69]
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References McGeown, S., St. Clair-Thompson, H., & Putwain, D. W. (2016). The Development and Validation of a Mental Toughness Scale for Adolescents. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/0734282916673512