About the Measure

Domains Perceptions of Self
Key stages Key Stage 2
Subscales Optimism; Pessimism
Description Measures early emerging generalised expectancies of positive and negative outcomes.
Example When entering a new situation, my child expects to have fun
Link http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/per.742/full

Implementation details

No. of items 8
Format Likert
Respondent Parent
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 8
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .68-.81
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Not reported
CFA 2-factor model
Chi-square(88)= 147.83
Chi-square/df= 1.68
RMSEA = .06
CFI = .93
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity The parent-rated optimism and pessimism of the child were significantly related to the parents’ self-ratings of their own dispositional optimism (B= 0.27, SE= 0.06, t= 4.51, p<0.001) and pessimism (B= 0.19, SE= 0.06, t= 2.97, p= 0.003).
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Lemola, S., Räikkönen, K., Matthews, K. A., Scheier, M. F., Heinonen, K., Pesonen, A.-K., … Lahti, J. (2010). A new measure for dispositional optimism and pessimism in young children. European Journal of Personality, 24(1), 71-84. doi:10.1002/per.742