About the Measure

Domains Meta-cognition, Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance, Perceptions of Self
Key stages Key Stage 1, Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Personal mastery goal orientation; Personal performance-approach goal orientation; Personal performance-avoidance goal orientation
Description This instrument is designed to assess pupils' mastery, performance-approach and performance-avoidance goal orientations. There are different versions for different school levels with the main difference being a more domain-general approach for elementary school pupils to reflect their general experience of remaining in the same class across different subjects.
Example One of my goals is to keep others from thinking I'm not smart in class
Link http://www.umich.edu/~pals/pals/PALS%202000_V13Word97.pdf

Implementation details

No. of items 14
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 5-18
Cost single purchase Free
Cost per child Free

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .74-.89
Test retest Within the school year, r= [.61,.63]
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Not reported
CFA Chi-Square(116) = 298.55
N = 647
GFI = .95
TLI = .95
CFI = .96
RMSEA = .049
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity r= .63 with Nicholls' ego-orientation scale; r= .67 with Nicholls’
task-orientation scale
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Anderman, E. M., Urdan, T., & Roeser, R. (2003, March). The patterns of adaptive learning survey: History, development, and psychometric properties. Paper presented at the Indicators of Positive Development Conference, Washington D.C. Retrieved from http://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Child_Trends-2003_03_12_PD_PDConfAUR.pdf