About the Measure

Domains Mental health and wellbeing, Perceptions of Self
Key stages Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Competence; Confidence; Character; Caring; Connection
Description The short PYD student questionnaire measures the 5 C’s (Competence, Connection, Confidence, Caring and Character) and was developed as part of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development.
Example How important are each of the following to you in your life… I feel my friends are good friends
Link https://ase.tufts.edu/iaryd/researchPositive4HpydResources.htm

Implementation details

No. of items 34
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 10-18
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .80-.93
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA 5 separate EFAs<
CFA Bifactor model
Chi-square(2563)= 4500.22
p < .001
RMSEA = .02
CFI = .96
TLI = .95
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Significant negative relationships were found with depression r= [-.57,-.06], measured by the Center for
Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Significant negative relationships were found with risk behaviours (Search Institute’s Profiles of Student Life-Attitudes and Behaviors), r= [-.56,-.11]
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Geldhof, G. J., Bowers, E. P., Boyd, M. J., Mueller, M. K., Napolitano, C. M., Schmid, K. L., ... Lerner, R. M. (2014). Creation of short and very short measures of the five Cs of positive youth development. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 24(1), 163-176. doi:10.1111/jora.12039