About the Measure

Domains Social and Emotional Competence
Key stages Key Stage 1
Subscales Social skills: Social cooperation; Social interaction; Social independenceProblem behaviour: Self-centred/Explosive; Attention problems/Overactive; Social withdrawal; Anxiety/Somatic problems
Description The Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales (PKBS) is a behavioural rating instrument for use in evaluating social skills and problem behaviour patterns of preschool and kindergarten-aged children (ages 3, 4, 5, and 6). It is a norm-referenced, standardized instrument developed specifically for use in assessing young children in a variety of settings and by a variety of behavioural informants.
Example Works or plays independently
Link http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED378210.pdf

Implementation details

No. of items 76
Format Likert
Respondent Parent/Teacher
Scoring Standardised
Time 8
Age 3-6
Cost single purchase Free
Cost per child Free

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .81-.97
Test retest After 3 weeks, r= [.58,.87]; After 3 months, r= [.36,.78]
Inter-rater reliability r= [.36,.63]
EFA 2 EFAs for subsc
CFA Not reported
Criterion validity 90.18% of the grouped cases had been correctly classified in special education status groups based solely on the critical statistical properties of the PKBS scores
Construct validity Factorial validity. Factor structure stable across different specifications.
Convergent: Correlation with Social Skills Rating System (SSRS), r= [.32,.76]
Convergent: Correlation with Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters (MESSY), r= [.22,.85]
Convergent: Conners Teacher Rating Scales (CTRS -39), r= [.10,.90]
Convergent: Correlation with School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS), r= [.36,.83]
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Merrell K. 1994. Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales. Test Manual. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED378210