About the Measure

Domains Emotional Intelligence (mixed and trait), Mental health and wellbeing, Social and Emotional Competence
Key stages Key Stage 1
Subscales Emotion regulation; School readiness; Social confidence; Family involvement
Description The Preschool Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale (PreBERS) is a standardized, norm-referenced, 42-item rating scale designed to assess the behavioural and emotional strengths of preschool children. Teachers, parents, psychologists, counsellors, or professionals can use the PreBERS to (1) identify children with limited strengths, (2) target goals for IEPs or IFPs, (3) identify strengths and weaknesses for intervention, (4) document progress.
Example Shows concern for the feelings of others
Link https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Elizabeth_Allen13/publication/274517921_Confirmatory_Factor_Analysis_of_the_Preschool_Behavioral_and_Emotional_Rating_Scale_PreBERS_With_Preschool_Children_With_Disabilities/links/55b11e8008ae092e964fd8fa/Confirmatory-

Implementation details

No. of items 42
Format Likert
Respondent Multiple
Scoring Standardised
Time 10
Age 3-6
Cost single purchase $102
Cost per child $1.60

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .84-.98
Test retest After c. 1 month: Teacher, r= [.86,.94]; Parent, r= [.79,.92]; After 3 months: Teachers, r= [.79,.91]
Inter-rater reliability r= [56-.87]
EFA Not reported
CFA Bifactor model
Chi-square(777)= 4973.16
CFI = .95
TLI= 0.94
Criterion validity Significant correlations found between subscales and strengths index (total score), with the Caregiver-Teacher Report Form, r= [-.81,-.45]
Construct validity Not reported
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Epstein, M. H., & Synhorst, L. (2008). Preschool Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale (PreBERS) Examiner's manual. Austin, Texas: Proed.
Epstein, M. H., & Synhorst, L. (2008). Preschool Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale (PreBERS): Test–retest reliability and inter-rater reliability. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 17(6), 853-862. doi:10.1007/s10826-008-9194-1
Cress, C., Lambert, M. C., & Epstein, M. H. (2015). Factor analysis of the Preschool Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale for children in Head Start programs. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 34(5), 473–486. doi:10.1177/0734282915617630
Cress, C. J., Epstein, M. H., & Synhorst, L. (2010). Preschool Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale (PreBERS): Test-retest and inter-rater reliability for children with disabilities. Exceptionality, 18(2), 58–69. doi:10.1080/09362831003673085