About the Measure

Domains Emotional Intelligence (mixed and trait), Social and Emotional Competence
Key stages Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Certainty about mental states; Uncertainty about mental states
Description Reflective functioning refers to our capacity to understand ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states, such as feelings, desires, wishes, goals and attitudes.
Example People’s thoughts are a mystery to me
Link https://www.ucl.ac.uk/psychoanalysis/research/rfq

Implementation details

No. of items 46
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 12-18
Cost single purchase Free
Cost per child Free

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .64-.71
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Not reported
CFA Chi-square(47) = 74.45
CFI = .96
RMSEA = .07
WRMR= .73
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity The Reflective Function Questionnaire (RFQ) certainty subscale was positively correlated with mindfulness dimensions (r = .38 for Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills acting with awareness scales (KIMSac); r= .23 for Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills describing subscale (KIMSdes); Negatively associated with two of the alexithymia dimensions (r= -.43 for Toronto Alexithymia Scale identifying feelings (TASif) and r= -.33 for Toronto Alexithymia Scale describing feelings (TASdf).
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Sharp, C., Williams, L., Ha, C., Baumgardner, J., Michonski, J., Seals, R., et al. (2009). The development of a mentalization-based outcomes and research protocol for an adolescent in-patient unit. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 73(4), 311–338. doi:10.1521/bumc.2009.73.4.311
Badoud, D., Luyten, P., Fonseca-Pedrero, E., Eliez, S., Fonagy, P., & Debbané, M. (2015). The French version of the Reflective Functioning Questionnaire: Validity data for adolescents and adults and its association with non-suicidal self-injury. PLOS one, 10(12), e0145892. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145892