About the Measure

Domains Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4
Subscales Peers as positive motivators; Peers as negative motivators; Individual learning behavior; Teachers as positive motivators; Teachers as negative motivators
Description This instrument is designed to provide insight into relationships with peers and teachers as sources of motivation at school.
Example It is easier to do well in school when friends motivate me
Link http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1041608013000022

Implementation details

No. of items 37
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 12-15
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .73-.82
Test retest r= [.70,.81]
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Peer scales
CFA Peer items
Chi-square(24) = 93.59
p = 0.00
CFI = 0.97
RMSEA = 0.05
SRMR = .04
Teacher items
Chi-square(7) = 5.73
p = 0.08
CFI = 1.00
RMSEA = 0.00
SRMR = .01
ML-CFA peer items
RMSEA= .05
CFI= .98
SRMR within= .04
SRMR between= .05
Teacher items: RMSEA= .00
CFI= 1.00
SRMR within= .01
SRMR between= .02
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Not reported
Concurrent validity r= [-.13,.27] with Striving for Academic Success (SAS); r= [-.38,.21] with Avoidance of Academic Failure (AAF); r= [-.20,.48] with Work Avoidance (WA)
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Raufelder, D., Drury, K., Jagenow, D., Hoferichter, F., & Bukowski, W. (2013). Development and validation of the Relationship and Motivation (REMO) scale to assess students' perceptions of peers and teachers as motivators in adolescence. Learning and Individual Differences, 24, 182-189. doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2013.01.001