About the Measure

Domains Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance, Perceptions of Self, Resilience and coping
Key stages Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4
Subscales Safe and caring school; Peers; External resilience, Internal resilience, Self-confidence; Extracurricular activities; Utility of school
Description This instrument is designed to gain insight into pupils' motivations for completing or dropping out of school.
Example I participate in extra-curricular activities in my community
Link Unavailable

Implementation details

No. of items 57
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 12-15
Cost single purchase Available from a
Cost per child Available from a

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .72-.94
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA 7-factor oblique
CFA Chi-square(1516) = 2733.18
RMSEA= 0.051
SRMR = 0.066
CFI = 0.86
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Not reported
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity beta= 5.920 for Extracurricular activities subscale ability to predict student achievements in mathematics; beta= 16.571 for Self confidence subscale ability to predict student achievements in mathematics
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Burger, J. M., Nadirova, A., & Keefer, K. V. (2012). Moving beyond achievement data development of the student orientation to school questionnaire as a noncognitive assessment tool. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 30(4), 367-386. doi:10.1177/0734282912449444
Nadirova, A., & Burger, J. M. (2014). Assessing Student Orientation to School to Address Low Achievement and Dropping Out. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 60(2), 300-321.