About the Measure

Domains Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 2
Subscales Effort; Initiative; Non-participatory behaviour
Description The SPQ is used to compare children's levels of attendance and indicators of academic success. It is comprised of three scales: effort, initiative, and non-participatory behaviour. It also contains items that assess the extent to which children value school achievement.
Example Does more than just the assigned work
Link Contact author at finn@buffalo.edu

Implementation details

No. of items 25
Format Likert
Respondent Teacher
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 9-10
Cost single purchase Available from a
Cost per child Available from a

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .89-.94
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Maximum likeliho
CFA Not reported
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Not reported
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity r= [.42,.57] between subscales and achievement measures
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Finn, J. D., Folger, J., & Cox, D. (1991). Measuring participation among elementary grade students. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 51(2), 393–402. doi:10.1177/0013164491512013
Farber, S., & Finn, J. (2000, April). Classroom organisation and student behaviour. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED449197.pdf