About the Measure

Domains Mental health and wellbeing, Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance, Perceptions of Self
Key stages Key Stage 3
Subscales Joy of learning; School connectedness; Educational purpose; Academic efficacy
Description A 16-item measure of school-specific wellbeing.
Example I feel like I belong at this school
Link http://tylerrenshaw.com/sswq/

Implementation details

No. of items 16
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 11-14
Cost single purchase Free
Cost per child Free

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .72-.88
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA 4-factor oblique
CFA Single higher-order 4-factor model
Criterion validity Goal Valuation Scale, r= [.24,.68];
Motivation/Self-Regulation Scale, r= [.35,.69]; Attitude Toward School Scale, r= [.34,.57]; Attitude Toward
Teachers Scale, r= [44,.65]; Academic Self-Perception Scale, r= [.35,.50]; Self-Reported Academic Achievement, r= [.16,.32]
Construct validity Not reported
Concurrent validity Student Prosociality Scale, r= .65; Academic Perseverance Scale, r= .72
Predictive validity Classification utility was assessed via Levene’s Test of Homogeneity of Variance. ANOVA findings indicated significant main effects for Student Subjective Wellbeing Levels (SSWL) across academic achievement (Fadj. = 19.34, df = 3, 137.71, p < .001, η2 = .12), cumulative risks (Fadj. = 13.38, df = 3, 148.40, p < .001, η2 = .08), and cumulative assets (F = 15.92, df = 3, 372, p < .001, η2 = .11). Predicts risks and assets measured by Youth Risks and Assets Survey e.g. odds ratio of self harm is .09 in above average wellbeing group and .31 in low average wellbeing group.
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Renshaw, T. L. (2015). A replication of the technical adequacy of the Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 33(8), 757-768. doi:10.1177/0734282915580885
Renshaw, T. L., & Arslan, G. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire with Turkish adolescents: A generalizability study. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 31(2), 139-151. doi:10.1177/0829573516634644
Renshaw, T. L., Long, A. C. J., & Cook, C. R. (2015). Assessing adolescents’ positive psychological functioning at school: Development and validation of the Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire. School Psychology Quarterly, 30(4), 534–552. doi:10.1037/spq0000088