About the Measure

Domains Meta-cognition, Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 2
Subscales Amotivation; Mastery; Skill/Ability; Work completion; Competition; Cooperation
Description The TRAAM is a teacher-report instrument which uses descriptive statements to provide insight into pupils' motivation with high scores reflecting motivated behaviour.
Example Prefers to repeat a task that has already been mastered, rather than attempt a difficult novel task
Link http://thekeep.eiu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3117&context=theses

Implementation details

No. of items 44
Format Likert
Respondent Teacher
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 8-11
Cost single purchase Free
Cost per child Free

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .79-.98
Test retest 2- weeks, r= [.85,.93]
Inter-rater reliability r= [.44,.77]
EFA 4-factor solutio
CFA Not reported
Criterion validity r= [.41,.78] with teacher judgement measures and r= [.33,.42] with Wide Range Achievement Test-Revised
Construct validity r= [.17,.48] with Scale of Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Orientation in the Classroom (SIEOC) and r= [.17 - .49] with Children's Academic Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (CAIMI)
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity r= [.25,.72] with SAT scores, accounting for 13 to 32% of the variance
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Stinnett, T. A., Oehler-Stinnett, J., & Stout, L. J. (1991). Development of the Teacher Rating of Academic Achievement Motivation: TRAAM. School Psychology Review, 20(4), 609-622.
Oehler-Stinnett, J., & Boykin, C. (2001). Convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity of the Teacher Rating of Academic Achievement Motivation (TRAAM) with the ACTeRs-TF and the BASC-TRS. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 19(1), 4-18. doi:10.1177/073428290101900101
Pitcher, R. P. (1993). The Test-Retest and Inter-rater Reliability of the Teacher Rating of Academic Achievement Motivation. Masters Theses. Paper 2121. Retrieved from 06/02/2017http://thekeep.eiu.edu/theses/2121
Schuck, L. A., Oehler-Stinnett, J., & Stinnett, T. A. (1995). Predictive validity of the Teacher Rating of Academic Achievement Motivation (TRAAM) with Hispanic students. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 13(2), 143-156. doi:10.1177/073428299501300204
Stinnett, T. A., & Oehler-Stinnett, J. (1992). Validation of the teacher rating of academic achievement motivation. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 10(3), 276-290. doi:10.1177/073428299201000307