About the Measure

Domains Emotional Intelligence (mixed and trait), Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales Promotion goals; Prevention goals
Description The GRFM was designed to assess individuals' orientations toward their goals. The GRFM differentiates between a prevention and a promotion focus.
Example I frequently imagine how I will achieve my hopes and aspirations
Link https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Christian_Jordan/publication/11086440_Motivation_by_Positive_or_Negative_Role_Models_Regulatory_Focus_Determines_Who_Will_Best_Inspire_Us/links/0912f511d37775fa37000000/Motivation-by-Positive-or-Negative-Role-Models-Re

Implementation details

No. of items 18
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 14-18
Cost single purchase Free - Available
Cost per child Free - Available

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .75-.81
Test retest Not reported
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Not reported
CFA Single-factor model for promotion and prevention (Sample 2)
Chi-square(53) = 145.73
N = 605
p < .001
CFI = .96
TLI = .95
RMSEA = .05
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity r= .55 with the approach scale of the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS); r= .39 with the promotion scale of the Regulatory Focus Questionnaire (RFQ)
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Lockwood, P., Jordan, C. & Kunda, Z. (2002). Motivation by positive or negative role models: Regulatory focus determines who will best inspire us. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(4), 854-864. doi:10.1037//0022-3514.83.4.854
Hodis, F., Hattie, J. & Hodis, G. (2016). Measuring promotion and prevention orientations of secondary school students: It is more than meets the eye. Measurement and Evaluation on Counselling and Development, 49(3), 194-206. doi:10.1177/0748175615625750