About the Measure

Domains Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 1, Key Stage 2
Subscales Power vs. Helplessness; Persistence in dealing with parents; Luck
Description Developed to measure a general locus of control construct for children 4 to 8 years of age.
Example Do you feel that most of the time parents listen to what their children have to say?
Link http://psycnet.apa.org/record/1975-04954-001

Implementation details

No. of items 34
Format Dichotomous
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 4-8
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .74 (Kud
Test retest 6 weeks, r= .79
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA 3-factor orthogo
CFA Not reported
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Not reported
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Herzberger, S. D.,Linney, J. A, Seidman, E., & Rappaport, J. (1979). Preschool and primary locus of control scale: Is it ready for use? Developmental Psychology, 15 (3), 320-324. doi:10.1037//0012-1649.15.3.320
Nowicki, S. & Duke, M. (1974). A preschool and primary internal-external control scale. Developmental Psychology, 10(6), 874-880. doi:10.1037/h0037253