About the Measure

Domains Emotional Intelligence (mixed and trait), Motivation, goal orientation and perseverance
Key stages Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4
Subscales This is a unidimensional measure
Description A measure of self-motivation (a tendency to persist in a context lacking extrinsic reinforcement). The SMI was originally developed for adults but has been adapted for children.
Example I'm not very good at getting myself to do things
Link https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/19971806678

Implementation details

No. of items 20
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 10-16
Cost single purchase Free - Available
Cost per child Free - Available

Psychometric details

UK norms Yes
Cronbach's α .75
Test retest 5 weeks, r= .86
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA PCA suggested a
CFA Chi-square(170) = 275.03
CFI = .97
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Not reported
Concurrent validity r= [.19,.42] with Motivational Orientation Subscales (MOSS); r= .39 with Intrinsic Mastery Motivation; r= .24 with autonomous judgment
Predictive validity r= .21 with heart rate above 150bpm
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Biddle, S., Akande, D., Armstrong, N., Ashcroft, M., Brooke, R., & Goudas, M. (1996). The self-motivation inventory modified for children: evidence on psychometric properties and its use in physical exercise. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 27(3), 237-250. Retrieved from http://www.ijsp-online.com/