About the Measure

Domains Mental health and wellbeing
Key stages Key Stage 3, Key Stage 4, Key Stage 5
Subscales This is a unidimensional measure
Description The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being scale was developed to enable the monitoring of mental wellbeing in the general population and the evaluation of projects, programmes and policies which aim to improve mental wellbeing.
Example I’ve been feeling optimistic about the future
Link https://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/med/research/platform/wemwbs/

Implementation details

No. of items 14
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 13-18
Cost single purchase Free
Cost per child Free

Psychometric details

UK norms Yes
Cronbach's α .87
Test retest After 7-14 days, ICC= .66 (95% CI [.59,.72])
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA Not reported
CFA Single-factor model
p = 0.44
GFI= 1.00
AGFI> .99
RMSEA= 0.003
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity Mental Health Continuum-Short Form, rho= .57; Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, rho= -.44; Kidscreen 27 psychological wellbeing subscale, rho= [.38,.59]; General Health Questionnaire-12, rho= -.45; World Health Organisation-5, r= .57
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity Not reported
Responsiveness Found in adults but not adolescents
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Clarke, A., Friede, T., Putz, R., Ashdown, J., Martin, S., Blake, A., … Stewart-Brown, S. (2011). Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): Validated for teenage school students in England and Scotland. A mixed methods assessment. BMC Public Health, 11(1). doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-487
NHS Health Scotland (2016) Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) User guide- Version 2 . Retrieved from http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/med/research/platform/wemwbs/researchers/userguide/wemwbs_user_guide_jp_02.02.16.pdf
Stewart-Brown, S., Tennant, A., Tennant, R., Platt, S., Parkinson, J., & Weich, S. (2009). Internal construct validity of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): a Rasch analysis using data from the Scottish Health Education Population Survey. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 7(1), 15. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-7-15