About the Measure

Domains Mental health and wellbeing, Perceptions of Self
Key stages Key Stage 2, Key Stage 3
Subscales Optimism; Pessimism
Description A measure of optimism and pessimism that is reliably able to assess important expectations that children have about their lives.
Example Usually, I don't expect good things to happen to me
Link http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00372.x/full

Implementation details

No. of items 12
Format Likert
Respondent Self
Scoring Standardised
Time 0
Age 8-12
Cost single purchase Available in jou
Cost per child Available in jou

Psychometric details

UK norms No
Cronbach's α .78-.83
Test retest 7 months, r= [.45,.50]; 1 month, r= [.68,.70]
Inter-rater reliability Not reported
EFA 2-factor orthogo
CFA Not reported
Criterion validity Not reported
Construct validity rho= .15 between Optimism on the Youth Life Orientation Test and composite score on the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire
Concurrent validity Not reported
Predictive validity r= [-.38,.33] with Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale and Children's Depression Inventory
Responsiveness Not reported
Floor/Ceiling Not reported
References Ey, S., Hadley, W., Nuttbrock A., D, Palmer, S., Klosky, J., Deptula, D., Thomas, J., & Cohen, R. (2004). A new measure of children's optimism and pessimism: The youth life orientation test. The Journal of Child Psychology and Child Psychiatry, 46(5), 548–558. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00372.x