Some pupils may require additional support alongside high-quality teaching in order to make good progress. The evidence indicates that small group and one to one interventions can be a powerful tool for supporting these pupils when they are used carefully.
These interventions should be targeted at specific pupils using information gathered from assessments and their effectiveness and intensity should be continually monitored. Some pupils may have made quick gains once they returned to school full time, so assessment needs to ongoing, but manageable.
Evidence can help to support schools’ decisions around which interventions to adopt in their setting. Where schools deliver one to one or small group tuition, they should consider factors that are typically associated with positive learning outcomes:
- Learning in one to one and small groups is carefully linked with classroom teaching.
- For one to one tuition led by teaching assistants, interventions are likely to be particularly beneficial when the teaching assistants are experienced and well-trained.
- Small group tuition is most likely to be effective if it is targeted at pupils’ specific needs.
- National Tutoring Programme: Additional support for disadvantaged pupils whose education has been most affected by school closures
- Small group tuition – Toolkit strand: An overview of the best available evidence on small group tuition
- One to one tuition – Toolkit strand: An overview of the best available evidence on small group tuition
Pupils with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) have the greatest need for excellent teaching and are entitled to provision that supports achievement at, and enjoyment of, school. It is right that these learners are at the forefront of our planning for the new academic year.
It is tempting to talk about the challenge of SEND as a specific and distinct issue. Yet, far from creating new programmes, the evidence tells us that teachers in mainstream schools should instead prioritise familiar but powerful strategies, like scaffolding and explicit instruction, to support their pupils with SEND. Refreshing a repertoire of high-quality teaching with colleagues is something schools are thinking about as they plan staff CPD, including supporting early career teachers.
Developing a holistic understanding of the needs of pupils, and strategies to support those needs, will require consistent and purposeful engagement with parents and families.
The strategic deployment of Teaching Assistants (TAs) will also be important in ensuring pupils with SEND are supported, and TAs should be fully prepared for their role, supplementing rather than replacing high-quality provision from the class teacher. Schools must continue to avoid unintended consequences, such as prolonged separation from peers and teachers, and select evidence-based, targeted interventions that are closely monitored.
Special Educational Needs in Mainstream Schools
Making Best Use of Teaching Assistants
Working with Parents to Support Children’s Learning
Selecting Interventions – Evidence InsightsSelecting_interventions_tool.pdf - [457.7 KB pdf]
High-quality teaching for pupils with SENDEEF_High_Quality_Teaching_for_Pupils_with_SEND.pdf - [559.9 KB pdf]
5 key SEND questions for school leaders to reflect onSEND_key_questions_tool.pdf - [227.0 KB pdf]
Effective parental engagement for pupils with SENDEEF_Effective_parental_engagement_for_pupils_with_SEND.pdf - [772.6 KB pdf]
Support for schools
1. High-quality teaching
Support for schools