Education Endowment Foundation:Fit to Study

Fit to Study

University of Oxford
Implementation cost
Evidence strength
Impact (months)
Independent Evaluator
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A programme to optimise the benefit of PE for brain function.
Pupils: 8707 Schools: 104 Grant: £697,206.0
Key Stage: 1 Duration: 4 year(s) 8 month(s) Type of Trial: Efficacy Trial
Completed Sep 2019

Fit to Study aimed to boost academic attainment by increasing the amount of physical activity undertaken by Year 8 children in PE lessons. The intervention required teachers to include two key activities in every PE lesson: 

1. Four minutes of vigorous physical activity during the warm-up at the start of each lesson 

2. Three fitness infusions’ throughout the lesson which consist of two minutes of intense physical activity

There has been increasing interest in increasing pupils’ participation in physical activity and previous studies have suggested this could lead to improved cognition and academic attainment. The EEF and Wellcome funded this study to find out whether this result could be repeated in English schools

Our trial involved 104 schools and 8,707 pupils. The independent evaluation found no evidence that Fit to Study had an impact on the measure of attainment chosen for the trial, Year 8 pupils’ maths outcomes

This result is rated as low security: 1 out of 5 on the EEF padlock scale. This because almost half the pupils that started the trial were not included in the final analysis. The evaluation reports that schools struggled to implement Fit to Study and attendance at the training was poor

It is important to note this result does not disprove the link between physical activity and academic attainment. This project was designed to test one particular programme which aimed to enable PE teachers to consistently provide intensive physical activity within lesson time

The EEF has no plans for a further trial of Fit to Study.

Despite the implementation issues experienced by teachers, the majority of schools said they would recommend Fit to Study as a way to promote physical exercise.

Project type:Efficacy Trial
Key stage:Key Stage 3
Delivered by:Teachers
Participant group:Whole Class
Intervention length:1
Cost per pupil:£5
No. of Teachers/​TAs:Variable
Staff training duration:1