Education Endowment Foundation:IPEELL: Using Self-Regulation to Improve Writing

IPEELL: Using Self-Regulation to Improve Writing

Calderdale Excellence Partnership
Implementation cost
Evidence strength
Impact (months)
Independent Evaluator
Durham University
Durham University logo
The York Trials Unit
The York Trials Unit logo
Using memorable experiences and self-regulation to support struggling writers
Pupils: 261 Schools: 26 Grant: £395,850
Key Stage: 2 Duration: 2 year(s) Type of Trial: Efficacy Trial
Completed Jan 2014

This page covers the first (efficacy) trial of Using Self-Regulation to Improve Writing, which tested whether it could work in schools under best possible conditions. To read about the second (effectiveness) trial – testing a scalable model under everyday conditions in a large number of schools – click here.

Self-Regulated Strategy Development’ or SRSD is an approach that supports the development of writing skills. It provides a clear structure that helps pupils to plan, monitor and evaluate their writing

In 2012 the EEF funded this small study of the IPEELL’ SRSD programme, for pupils making the transition from primary to secondary school. Year 6 and 7 pupils were given writing projects based on memorable experiences such as school trips. The IPEELL programme developers trained some teachers to use an SRSD approach to deliver these writing projects. Pupils whose teachers received the training were compared with pupils whose teachers did not

The SRSD pupils made around 9 months’ additional progress in writing. Given the large impact and the strong prior evidence for SRSD, EEF funded a second trial of IPEELL, this time using a scalable’ model that could reach more schools, without direct involvement from the developers.

In a second project, pupils using IPEELL for 2 years did make a small amount of additional progress compared to other pupils, but those using it for only one year appeared to make less progress. In addition, two years of IPEELL appears to have had a negative impact on maths and reading outcomes, possibly due to curriculum time being diverted towards writing

There were some important differences between the two versions of IPEELL which might explain the different results. In particular, the scalable’ model used teacher trainers who had never seen IPEELL delivered in the classroom, and was delivered in the last two years of primary school, rather than the end of Year 6 and first term of Year 7. Importantly, the second trial measured the average impact across all pupils, while the first looked only at pupils with low prior attainment. If we consider the results specifically for pupils with low prior attainment using IPEELL for two years, both trials show positive results, although the size of the impact is smaller for the scalable model.

For this reason, EEF is interested in whether another version of IPEELL can be developed, still scalable, but more similar to the original model, and targeted at Year 7 children with low prior attainment. Because of the mixed results to date, IPEELL is no longer listed as an EEF promising project’. Schools considering IPEELL should carefully assess whether they can match the delivery conditions of the original, positive, project, and take measures to ensure that the increased focused on writing does not negatively affect reading and maths.

Teachers were trained in the SRSD approach by the North American developers, but adapted it in some ways for an English context.

Project type:Efficacy Trial
Key stage:Key Stage 2
Delivered by:Teachers
Participant group:Whole Class
Intervention length:2 Terms
Cost per pupil:£52
Staff training duration:2