Education Endowment Foundation:Zippy’s Friends

Zippy’s Friends

Partnership for Children
Implementation costThe cost estimates in the Toolkits are based on the average cost of delivering the intervention.
Evidence strengthThis rating provides an overall estimate of the robustness of the evidence, to help support professional decision-making in schools.
Impact (months)The impact measure shows the number of additional months of progress made, on average, by children and young people who received the intervention, compared to similar children and young people who did not.
Project info

Independent Evaluator

Queen's University Belfast logo
Queen’s University Belfast
Testing the impact of a teacher-led, story-based programme designed to improve primary school children’s coping skills
Pupils: 3904 Schools: 83 Grant: £190,000
Key Stage: 1 Duration: 2 year(s) 7 month(s) Type of Trial: Efficacy Trial
Completed June 2018

Zippy’s Friends is an intervention designed to improve children’s coping skills. Teachers deliver sessions built around stories about a stick insect (Zippy) and his friends, who are young children. The stories involve issues children might encounter, such as: friendship, conflict, change, and difficult feelings. The children discuss the issues raised, and play games and do role-play activities about emotions and coping

Zippy’s Friends is widely used internationally and has been found to have a positive effect on social and emotional outcomes. The EEF funded this trial to see if these results could be replicated in English schools and to measure whether the programme could improve reading outcomes.

The evaluation measured the effect of Zippy’s Friends on reading attainment and emotional self-regulation, and found no evidence of impact. While the trial was large and well-designed, several factors reduce the security of the findings (security was low for emotional self-regulation and low to moderate for reading). For example, comparison schools increased their provision of social and emotional learning during the trial, even though they didn’t use Zippy’s Friends, so the programme was not actually tested against business as usual. This means that the results of this trial show that Zippy’s Friends had no additional benefit over the extra social and emotional learning provision in the comparison schools.

Positive academic outcomes from Social and Emotional Learning programmes may take longer to feed through than those from academic interventions. The EEF will therefore monitor the long term attainment outcomes for the schools that received Zippy’s Friends.

  1. The project found no evidence that Zippy’s Friends improved reading outcomes or emotional self-regulation for Year 2 pupils. These findings have low to moderate and low security, respectively.
  2. There was no effect on reading attainment for pupils who had ever been eligible for free school meals. There was a small negative impact on emotional self-regulation for these pupils, but this result has lower security than the overall findings because of the smaller number of pupils.
  3. Children receiving Zippy’s Friends made small improvements in teacher-reported self-regulated learning, compared to other pupils.
  4. The programme was very well received by teachers: all survey respondents felt Zippy’s Friends had benefits for the children involved.
  5. Evidence suggests that the impact of social and emotional learning programmes can take time to feed into academic outcomes. It is therefore recommended that academic outcomes are followed up at a later time point.
ImpactThe size of the difference between pupils in this trial and other pupils
SecurityHow confident are we in this result?
Months' progress
Emotional self-regulation
Months' progress