Education Endowment Foundation:Zippy’s Friends

Zippy’s Friends

Partnership for Children
Implementation cost
Evidence strength
Impact (months)
Independent Evaluator
Queen’s University Belfast
Testing the impact of a teacher-led, story-based programme designed to improve primary school children’s coping skills
Pupils: 3904 Schools: 83 Grant: £190,000
Key Stage: 1 Duration: 2 year(s) 7 month(s) Type of Trial: Efficacy Trial
Completed Jun 2018

Zippy’s Friends is an intervention designed to improve children’s coping skills. Teachers deliver sessions built around stories about a stick insect (Zippy) and his friends, who are young children. The stories involve issues children might encounter, such as: friendship, conflict, change, and difficult feelings. The children discuss the issues raised, and play games and do role-play activities about emotions and coping

Zippy’s Friends is widely used internationally and has been found to have a positive effect on social and emotional outcomes. The EEF funded this trial to see if these results could be replicated in English schools and to measure whether the programme could improve reading outcomes.

The evaluation measured the effect of Zippy’s Friends on reading attainment and emotional self-regulation, and found no evidence of impact. While the trial was large and well-designed, several factors reduce the security of the findings (security was low for emotional self-regulation and low to moderate for reading). For example, comparison schools increased their provision of social and emotional learning during the trial, even though they didn’t use Zippy’s Friends, so the programme was not actually tested against business as usual. This means that the results of this trial show that Zippy’s Friends had no additional benefit over the extra social and emotional learning provision in the comparison schools.

Positive academic outcomes from Social and Emotional Learning programmes may take longer to feed through than those from academic interventions. The EEF will therefore monitor the long term attainment outcomes for the schools that received Zippy’s Friends.

Evidence suggests that the impact of social and emotional learning programmes can take time to feed into academic outcomes. It is therefore recommended that academic outcomes are followed up at a later time point.

Delivered byTeachers
Participant groupWhole Class
Intervention length24 Weeks
Intervention length2